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Three main types of traumatic brain injuries after a car accident

On Behalf of | May 11, 2023 | Motor Vehicle Accidents

Car accidents can be devastating events that can cause severe injuries, including traumatic brain injuries.

TBIs are a leading cause of disability and death globally, and car accidents are one of the most frequent causes of this type of injury. TBIs can range from mild to severe, and the symptoms can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Learn more about the three main types of TBIs that can manifest after a car accident.

1. Concussions

A jolt or blow to the head can cause a concussion, which is the most common type of TBI. It can occur when the head is suddenly jolted or slammed against a hard surface, such as a dashboard or windshield. The impact can cause the brain to bounce around inside the skull, leading to bruising and swelling. Symptoms of a concussion may include a headache, nausea, dizziness, confusion and memory problems. While most people recover from a concussion within a few weeks, some may experience long-term effects, such as cognitive and emotional problems.

2. Contusions

Contusions are bruises on the brain caused by a direct impact on the head. They can happen when a forceful blow causes blood vessels to rupture, leading to bleeding and swelling in the brain. Symptoms of a contusion may include headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. More severe contusions can cause seizures, loss of consciousness and even death. Recovery time from a contusion depends on the severity of the injury and may take several months or longer.

3. Diffuse Axonal Injuries

DAIs occur when the brain is violently shaken or rotated, causing the brain’s nerve fibers to stretch and tear. It can happen in a car accident when a vehicle suddenly stops or changes direction, causing the brain to move inside the skull. Symptoms of DAIs may include a coma, persistent headache, confusion and loss of consciousness. Recovery from DAIs can take a long time and may require intensive rehabilitation.

If you or a loved one has been in a car accident and you suspect a TBI, seek medical attention immediately. Early detection and treatment can help prevent further damage and improve the chances of recovery.